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GARCIA-FERNANDEZ, Francisco Pedro; PANCORBO-HIDALGO, Pedro L.  and  SOLDEVILLA AGREDA, J. Javier. Pressure ulcers risk assessment scales for children. Gerokomos [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.1, pp.26-34. ISSN 1134-928X.

Aim: to find the Risk Assessment Scales (RAS) for pressure ulcers in children published in the literature. To determine which of them have been properly validated. Methods: a systematic review of the literature has been conducted searching in 14 Health Sciences databases. The inclusion criteria were:studies published between 1962 and 2009, with a prospective design, less than a 25 % lost to follow-up, and with data of validity, prognostic or reliability. No language restriction was applied. Methodological quality of the studies was assessed by the CASP guide. Results: seventeen studies were found. In these studies 11 RAS for children were identified. Most of them were developed for the critical care area, based on previous risk assessment scales for adult. There are only 3 scales with one validation study: NSRAS, Braden Q and Starkid Skin. Their sensibility and specificity figures are: Braden Q, sens = 88% and specif. 58%; NSRAS, 83% and 81%; and Starkid Skin, 17% and 98%. Although the NSRAS scale has good validity figures, the simple size of this study was too small, so these results need further validation. The Starkid scale has a sensibility too low. The Braden Q was the only scale with suitable validity and prognostic figures, though its inter-observers reliability has not been tested, so more research to confirm these results is needed. The assessment of pressure ulcers risk in children is recommended, although, with the available evidence, we can not recommend the use of any of these RAS over the others. More research about this topic is needed.

Keywords : Risk assessment scales; pressure ulcers; children; systematic review.

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