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versión impresa ISSN 1134-928X


LAGUNA-PARRAS, Juan Manuel et al. Incidence of falls in a University Hospital: factors related. Gerokomos [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.4, pp.167-173. ISSN 1134-928X.

Introduction: falls are a real risk that occurs in hospitals; falls are health a care quality indicator. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines the term falls as the result of any event which precipitate someone to the ground against their will. Aims: to analyze the incidence of falls, the profile of patients who fall in the hospital and to identify causes and effects. Methodology: design: Descriptive study on falls reported in Jaen's Hospital, which includes any fall (36) that has taken place at some time of hospital stay. Data collection was performed by each unit supervisors developed a data collection sheet. Data were transcribed to a database. Variables collected were: demographic data, date and time of the fall event, unit which produces the fall, Morse scale score, previous falls, fall circumstances, factors such as medication, cognitive, functional factors environment, care after the fall and need for assistive devices. Results: during the period under review there were a total of 36 falls, representing an incidence of 0.18%. Higher frequency of falls occurred in mental health units and palliative care. Conclusions: after analyzing the result we state that patients who fall in our hospital have an average age of 63 years, there are no differences regarding sex of patients, according to the morse score scale most patiens had low risk of falling, most have no history of previous falls and the mayority of falls ocurred in patient's room.

Palabras clave : Falls; hospital; incidence; risk factors.

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