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ARBOLEDAS BELLON, Josefa  and  PANCORBO-HIDALGO, Pedro Luis. Questionnaire of knowledge of family caregivers about prevention of pressure ulcer and dependence-related skin lesions: development and validation. Gerokomos [online]. 2016, vol.27, n.2, pp.73-79. ISSN 1134-928X.

Aims: To build and validate a questionnaire to measure the knowledge of family caregivers about prevention of pressure ulcers and other dependence-related skin lesions. Method: Phase 1: Writing the initial list of items extracted from literature. Phase 2: Content validation by 2 rounds with a 15-experts panel. Pilot testing with a small group of caregivers. Phase 3: Psychometric evaluation of this questionnaire using a representative sample of family caregivers from 4 provinces in Andalucía (Jaén, Córdoba, Granada y Almería) obtained during 2014. Analysis: items analysis (difficulty, unknown, discrimination), reliability and validity. Results: The version of 37 items had a good content validity. After the application of the questionnaire in a sample of 173 caregivers, 23 items with a good discrimination index (>20) were identified and retained for final version. Internal consistency was alfa = 0,852. Good concurrent validity in known subgroups, No education (average score= 61.8) versus University education (78.7). Conclusion: The questionnaire COCU-LCRD 23 in Spanish is a reliable and valid tool, suitable for measuring the knowledge of caregivers about the prevention of pressure ulcers and dependence-related skin lesions.

Keywords : pressure ulcers; dependence-related skin lesions; caregivers; psychometric evaluation.

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