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Print version ISSN 1134-928X


MARTIN CARBONELL, Marta et al. Autonomy in elderly people living in residences: relationship with gender, education level and time of institutionalization. Gerokomos [online]. 2019, vol.30, n.2, pp.50-55. ISSN 1134-928X.


Pathological aging is associated with the loss of autonomy, so the relationships between sociodemographic variables and institutionalization with functional autonomy, dependence and cognitive deterioration in institutionalized elderly were investigated.


Participants were 75 old persons from three centers in two cities of Colombia (Bucaragamanga and Santa Marta). The instruments used were Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Barthel Index, and the Functional Autonomy Rating Scale (EVA).


Although more elderly people were found with low dependency and good autonomy, 56% had cognitive impairment. The major problems were in the instrumentals activities and mental functions. Women had significative more cognitive impairment (χ2=6.69 [gl=1], p=.010) and dependence (χ2=,9.22 [gl=2], p=.010) than men. People with high educational level had better general autonomy (Prueba de Kruskal-Wallis: χ2=6.79 [gl=1], p=.009) Time of institutionalization was correlationated with low autonomy in daily instrumental activities.


The autonomy were related with institutionalization and education, while dependence and cognitive impairment were related with gender, so is important design appropiate organization of the activities for elderly who is living in a geriatric home for a long time.

Keywords : Aged; homes for the aged; personal autonomy; institutionalisation.

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