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Print version ISSN 1134-928X


CUBELLS CELDA, Raquel et al. Prevention of pressure ulcers in neonates with non-invasive mechanical ventilation. Gerokomos [online]. 2020, vol.31, n.2, pp.107-112.  Epub Oct 05, 2020. ISSN 1134-928X.


To determine the most effective dressing (hydrocolloid or polyurethane foam) in neonates admitted by the Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of the Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, subjected to non-invasive mechanical ventilation for the prevention of pressure ulcers nasal and/or facial.

Material and methods:

observational, prospective and analytical research project whose sample considered of 13 neonates with non-invasive mechanical ventilation hospitalized in the Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. They were divided into two groups, where group A (7 patients) used the polyurethane foam dressing and group B used the hydrocolloid dressing (6 patients). The data collection was carried out during the period from April to May 2018.


Of the neonates included in the study, 5 presented nasal pressure ulcers (38.5%) and the rest did not (62%). In addition, it was obtained that, of the total of patients with injury, 60% wore the hydrocolloid dressing and 40% that of polyurethane foam.


After the study, it was determined that the polyurethane foam dressing had a lower percentage of appearance of pressure ulcers compared to the hydrocolloid. However, it would be advisable to appraise the possibility of using any of them as a protection measure.

Keywords : Infant; Non-invasive mechanical ventilation; Pressure ulcers; Prevention; Dressing.

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