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versão impressa ISSN 1134-928X


RODRIGUEZ RIVAS, Ángela  e  RODRIGUEZ-MARTIN, Beatriz. Effectiveness of multicomponent interventions to promote physical activity in the elderly: a systematic review. Gerokomos [online]. 2020, vol.31, n.3, pp.149-157.  Epub 28-Dez-2020. ISSN 1134-928X.


To synthesize and analyse the available evidence on the efficacy of multicomponent interventions aimed at promoting physical activity in elderly people over 65 years living in the community.


Systematic review of Randomized Clinical Trials. A systematic search of articles published in English and Spanish was carried out in Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, Superior Council of Scientific Investigations, CUIDEN and CINAHL, from 2007 to 2017 that analyzed the efficacy of multicomponent interventions to promote physical activity. Screening of eligible studies was conducted in duplicate and independently according established criteria, discussed the results. 1320 studies were found, six of which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. PRISMA declaration was followed. Study quality was assessed with JADAD scale and the risk of bias with Cochrane Collaboration instrument.


While most of interventions that used some technology or combining technology with educational sessions reported improvements in physical activity, physical functioning and health behaviour, certain studies did not confirm that the interventions promoting physical activity.


There is some controversy about the efficacy of multicomponent interventions. Notwithstanding the above, interventions that use information and communication technologies and its combination with educational sessions improve physical activity in older people and the rates of adherence to the intervention. Further research is needed to understand factors of interventions success.

Palavras-chave : Elderly; exercise; clinical trial; systematic review.

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