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versión impresa ISSN 1134-928X


GARCIA RUIZ, María Piedad. Effectiveness of non-irritant barrier films and zinc oxide ointment: a scoping review. Gerokomos [online]. 2022, vol.33, n.1, pp.45-52.  Epub 02-Mayo-2022. ISSN 1134-928X.


To assess the primary and secondary studies generated from 2010 to the present on the effectiveness of non-irritant barrier films (NIBF) and zinc oxide ointment (ZnO) in the prevention and treatment of incontinence-associated injuries (IAD).


Scoping review in the main bibliographic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS, CUIDEN and Embase). Research studies on LIPNPs and ZnO ointments from 2010 to February 2021, with no language limit. Inclusion criteria: systematic reviews, original articles of any type and doctoral theses linking ZnO cream or PBNI to the prevention or treatment of urinary or mixed incontinence, as well as studies evaluating their cost-effectiveness or side effects.


Twelve studies were analyzed: 5 randomized clinical trials, 6 systematic reviews and 1 descriptive study. No superiority of efficacy of PBNI over ZnO ointment was found, more studies are still needed for a position but it does appear that the evidence so far supports a superior cost-effectiveness of PBNI on a cost per process basis.


A standardized and validated IAP skin assessment tool would be required. More clinical trials with a larger sample size are needed to compare the different products and presentations with an adequate design to be able to perform a meta-analysis afterwards, and study objectives for both prevention and treatment.

Palabras clave : Barrier film; zinc oxide cream; moisture damage; incontinence-associated dermatitis; urinary incontinence; mixed incontinence; scoping review.

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