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GARCIA-FERNANDEZ, Francisco P et al. Prevalence of dependence-related skin lesions in hospitalised adult population in Spain: Results of the 6th GNEAUPP National Study 2022. Gerokomos [online]. 2023, vol.34, n.4, pp.250-259.  Epub Mar 08, 2024. ISSN 1134-928X.


To obtain updated epidemiological indicators for dependence-related skin lesions (DSRL) in adult inpatient units of Spanish hospitals, both global and adjusted. To analyse the demographic and clinical characteristics of persons with DRSLs and lesions.


Observational, cross-sectional, epidemiological survey-type study (6th National Prevalence Study), aimed at all hospitals in Spain. Data collection by means of a secure online form. Variables: characteristics of hospitals and units, patients admitted, patients with each type of DRSL, classification of lesions. Overall and adjusted crude prevalence was estimated by hospital and by type of unit.


A total of 470 adult inpatient units from 67 hospitals nationwide participated. The overall prevalence of DRSL was 8.4%. According to type of injury, the prevalences were: pressure injuries 7.7%; combined injuries 1.5%; moisture 1.4%; friction 0.9%; and tears 0.8%. Small hospitals with less than 200 beds haves higher prevalence. The units with the highest prevalence were: palliative care (24.2%), ICU (21.5%), and post-surgical and resuscitation units (14.8%). Most of the injuries are of nosocomial origin (80%), produced in this or other hospitals. The implementation of preventive measures in the centres and the provision of resources are still lacking.


The prevalence of DRSL remains similar to that of previous studies in Spanish hospitals, with great variability depending on the size of the centre and the units to which the patient is admitted.

Keywords : Dependence-related skin lesions; pressure injuries; moisture associated skin damage; friction lesions; skin tears; hospitals; prevalence.

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