SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.73 issue2Air pollutants and the monitoring thereof author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


BALLESTER DIEZ, Ferran; TENIAS, José María  and  PEREZ-HOYOS, Santiago. The impact of air pollution on human health: an introduction. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 1999, vol.73, n.2, pp.109-121. ISSN 2173-9110.

In recent years, major progress has been made as regards the knowledge and understanding which has been gained of the impact of air pollution. In this study, the basic concepts are set out regarding this subject, and the different possible approaches as far as methodologies are concerned are reviewed. Among the epidemiological studies, the time series studies are those most often used for gauging the short-term impact of air pollution. The most important factors leading to confusion in this type of study are the seasonal and weekly changes, the tendency, the weather variables and the serious illnesses of a seasonal pattern, such as the flu. The main short-term impact of air pollution on human health range from a rise in the overall death rate resulting from respiratory and cardiovascular diseases to the worsening of lung function and other symptoms, including a rise in the number of doctor visits and hospital admissions. Despite a widespread consensus existing with regard to the harmful impact of air pollution, there are a number of questions currently in the need of further research.

Keywords : air pollution; impact on human health; time series studies.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License