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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


ALVAREZ DE TOLEDO, Flor et al. Pharmaceutical care in people who have had acute coronary episodes (TOMCOR study). Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2001, vol.75, n.4, pp.375-388. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: This study evaluates the effects on coronary patients of a new practice in community pharmacies called Pharmaceutical Care (PhC) as compared to the traditional pattern of pharmacy practice. It attempts to ascertain whether pharmaceutical care is feasible in addition to ascertaining differences in effectiveness for coronary patients’ pharmacotherapeutic health outcomes, potentially attributable to PhC. Methods: A randomized prospective controlled-intervention study was conducted in 83 community pharmacies in the provinces of Asturias, Barcelona, Madrid and Biscay in a one-year monitoring of the drug-use of 735 patients at the start of the study (330 intervention patients and 405 control) and 600 at the end. Results: Differences were fund in favor of the intervention group in: a) the use of health care services as a morbidity indicator such as frequency of hospital emergency room visits 1.27 I (CI95 %; 1.10 - 1.44) and 1.63C (CI95 %; 1.36 - 1.90) or average length-of-stay in Intensive Care Units 2.46 I (CI95 %; 1.56 - 3.36) and 5.87 C (CI95 %; 3.57 - 8.17), both due to coronary causes; b) health-related quality of life score (physical functioning dimension difference of 4.7 (p < 0.05); c) average patient knowledge of coronary heart disease risk factors having improved by 10 % (p < 0002 - 0.007 depending on dimension); d) patient knowledge of the name and identification of their drugs having improved by 10 % (p < 0.001) along with their subjective perception of the antiagregans drugs relative importance having improved by 12 % (p < 0.009) and effects of beta-blockers having improved by 25 % (p < 0.02); e) average satisfaction with pharmaceutical care service and perception of pharmacist’s professional competence having improved by 2 % (p < 0.000 to 0.05 depending on dimension). Conclusions: A decrease in emergency health care demand due to coronary causes, a fewer number of patient hospitalizations and a shorter length-of-stay in Coronary Intensive Care Units due to hospitalization regarding coronary patients on pharmaceutical care would suggest that patients who suffered an acute coronary heart episode made a better use of drugs and would tend to be less ill. Furthermore, coronary patients who received pharmaceutical care services showed a better knowledge of the reasons for their pharmacotherapy and therefore took better advantage of health care resources and improved their health condition.

Keywords : Pharmaceutical care; Coronary disease; Pharmaceutical Services.

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