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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


CARRILLO JAIMES, Carmen Sofía  and  ARCOS GONZALEZ, Pedro Ignacio. Intervention Priorities in the Acute Stage of Complex Emergencies Drafted by Nine Humanitarian Aid Agencies. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2004, vol.78, n.6, pp.679-690. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: Complex Emergencies are an international Public Health problem currently becoming increasingly more frequent and of growing proportions which lead to major death and disease rates, especially during the acute stage thereof. This study is aimed at identifying and analyzing the top-priority areas of intervention in the acute stage of a complex emergency drafted in the operating manuals of the main aid agencies, as well as the degree of development and structuring of the activities proposed in each area on which priority has been placed. Methods: The intervention manuals drafted by nine major aid agencies were used as study material. A quantitative analysis was then made of the 16 intervention priorities set out, as well as of the degree to which each priority was defined based on the development of 73 variables of aspects of the proposals set out in the manuals. Results: The ACNUR manual includes 90% of the 73 variables for further expansion upon the priorities, the UN Humanitarian Affaire Coordination Office manual including 35% of the 73 variables. ACNUR better expands upon the non-healthcare variables, followed by MSF and USAID. Doctors without borders shows a 97.3% degree of expansion of the healthcare variables) followed by ACNUR (94.7%), USAID (92.1%). Conclusions: ACNUR has been found to have the most integral proposal, the UN Humanitarian Affairs Coordination Office having the most discreet. There is a general trend toward further expanding upon and unifying the health indicators, whilst other aspects are not further expanded upon.

Keywords : Emergencies; Disasters; War; Refugees; Human Rights.

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