SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.81 issue5The Spanish Strategy for Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Obesity: NAOS StrategyUsing Mass Spectrometry as a Tool for Testing for Toxic Substances in Foods: toward Food Safety author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


BERNABEU-MESTRE, Josep; ESPLUGUES PELLICER, Josep Xavier  and  GALIANA SANCHEZ, María Eugenia. Historical Background Data of Spanish Community Nutrition: the Works of the National School of Health between 1930-36. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2007, vol.81, n.5, pp.451-459. ISSN 2173-9110.

This study analyses the historical background data on Spanish community nutrition by means of the study of the first attempts toward institutionalization which took place in the Nutrition and Food Hygiene Division of the Spanish National Health School, restricting the search to the 1930-1936 period. In conjunction with the training of the public healthcare professional in the subjects related to nutrition and diet, a research program was carried out which took in three major areas of work. In order to be able to ascertain what the average regular diet of Spaniards and to serve as guidance for the preventive measures aimed at achieving a proper diet, consumption-related studies and surveys were conducted. A study was made of the chemical composition of Spanish foods for the purpose of determining the possible lacks. Lastly, the health problems entailed in a deficient diet in risk groups such as diabetics were analyzed. The results of the research revealed that the average diet of Spaniards, especially those of the working classes, was far from being able to be considered balanced from the nutritional point of view. The greatest problems lay in a deficit of animal proteins, as well as major lacks in mineral and vitamin intake. The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936 halted the institutionalization process being carried out. It was only in the 1960’s, following the parenthesis of the first stage of the Franco era, that the health authorities once again took an interest in these diet-related problems.

Keywords : Nutrition; Health Public; History; Spain.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License