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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


ORTIZ MARRON, Honorato et al. Prevalence, Degree of Control and Treatment of Hypertension in the Adult Population of Madrid, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.85, n.4, pp.329-338. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: Hypertension (HT) is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. The objective of this study is to estimate the adult population of the Community of Madrid (30-74 years) prevalence of hypertension, knowledge, degree of control and drug treatment. Methods: We studied a random sample population in 2007 among residents of Madrid Community of between 30 and 74 years, obtained by cluster sampling. An epidemiological questionnaire was applied through telephone interview. Physical examination was conducted by a team of trained nurses in the health center. . ; To assess control of hypertension by number of active ingredients Odds were calculated through logistic regression models. Results: The final sample included 1,085 men and 1,183 women with a mean age of 48.3 years. The prevalence of hypertension was 29.3% (35.1% men and 23.9% in women (p<0.01). Of the 665 hypertensives identified 68.6% knew their condition (62.4 76.65% in males and females, p<0.05), of which 54% were in drug treatment (45.4% in men and 64.5% in women, p<0.05). Of the 265 treated hypertensive patients, blood pressure was controlled in 33% of males and 49% of women, p<0.05. Patients treated with two or more active improves your control (aOR: 1, 89). Conclusions: Our data on prevalence, treatment and control are at the lower-intermediate between those reported in previous studies on Spanish and European populations. However, the HA is a public health problem in the CM. Many hypertensive patients are not detected. Of those detected, only 1 in 3 of men and 1 in 2 women are well controlled.

Keywords : Hypertension; Epidemiology; Hypertension control; Antihypertensive Agents; Prevention; Logistic regression; Spain.

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