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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


TAUSTE FRANCES, Ana; RONDA-PEREZ, Elena  and  SEGUI CRESPO, María del Mar. Ocular and Visual Alterations in Computer Workers Contact Lens Wearers: scoping Review. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2014, vol.88, n.2, pp.203-215. ISSN 2173-9110.

Background: The high number of computer workers wearing contact lenses raises the question whether the sum of these two risk factors for eye health may cause a worsening of Computer Vision Syndrome. The aim of this review is to synthesize the knowledge about ocular and visual alterations related with computer use in contact lens wearers. Methods: International review of scientific papers (2003-2013) in Spanish and English, using Scoping Review method, in Medline through PubMed and in Scopus. Results: The initial search provided 114 references, after applying inclusion/exclusion criteria six of them were included. All of them reveal that symptoms when using computer are more prevalent in contact lens wearers, with values of symptoms presentation prevalence ranging from 95.0% to 16.9% in wearers and from 57.5% to 9.9% in non-wearers, and four times more likely to develop dry eye [OR: 4.07 (95% CI: 3.52 to 4.71)]. Conclusion: Computer workers suffer more ocular and visual disturbances if they also are contact lens users, but studies are few and non conclusive. Likewise, further research regarding contact lens type and their conditions of use, both in symptoms and tear quality and ocular surface are needed. Silicone hydrogel lenses are associated with more comfort.

Keywords : Asthenopia; Dry eye syndromes; Computer terminals; Contact lenses; Occupational health; Occupational exposure.

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