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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


CARRION, Carme et al. Use of the Smartphone to Promote Healthy Habits among Teen-agers, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2016, vol.90, e40022.  Epub June 07, 2021. ISSN 2173-9110.


The PEGASO Project aims to design a technological system aimed at European adolescents to promote healthy lifestyles. The objective was to explore teenagers and their parents and teachers perceptions with regards to mobile technology use in promoting a healthier lifestyle, in terms of food and physical activity.


Qualitative study based on primary data obtained through four focus groups analysis (three teenager groups between 13 and 15 y and 1 parent/teacher group). Verbatim transcriptions have been analysed following content analysis perspective.


Four different categories were identified: 1: social and cultural context, 2: adolescents and health, 3: role of technology in teenagers' lives and 4: use of technology to acquire healthier habits. Each category helped to arise various subcategories linked to the relation between teens and health: holistic health concept, health/disease perception directly related with feeling physically fit and social acceptance. With regards to technology, the arisen themes were: feeling connected with others, importance of entertainment/games, omnipresent use of Smartphones and risk of excessive dependence on technology. The difference between teens and adults with regards to health and technology categories were not significant.


Both teens and adults think that for technology to be effective in acquiring healthier habits it has to help teens to improve and maintain their self-esteem, in an entertaining way and using their own communication codes, mainly audio-visual ones, always under the umbrella of a holistic and integrated perception of health.

Keywords : Habits; Adolescent behavior; Telephone; mobile; Technology; Mobile health; eHealth; mHealth; Health promotion; Education; distance; Qualitative research; Spain.

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