SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.91Spatial analysis of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in a Public Health Service in MadridQuality of life related to health in a population of healthy pregnant women after a program of physical activity in the aquatic environment author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


SAGARRA-ROMERO, L et al. Relation between educational level and body composition in non-institutionalized elderly: The elderly EXERNET multi-center study. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2017, vol.91, e201710041.  Epub Oct 30, 2017. ISSN 2173-9110.


There is an inverse association between educational level and body composition; however this association has strongly focused in young and adults population. The aim of this study was to analyze the educational levels attained in overweight and obesity Spanish elderly and to investigate if there was a correlation between having a low educational level and the risk of having overweight, central obesity or excess fat mass during the aging process.


A representative sample of 2706 elderly (629 men and 2077 women; mean age of 72.1 ± 5.3 years) from Spain were assessed in the elderly EXERNET multi-center study between 2008 and 2009. Body composition was assessed in all subjects by bioelectrical impedance. ANCOVA was used to compare the averages between the groups. Logistic regression was used to calculate the association between educational level and the risk of having overweight, central fat or obesity.


We observed significances between waist circumference and educational level in both sex (men 96.6 cm, women 86.3 cm); (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respective). There is an inverse association between the academic level, fat mass (29.5 kg) and percentage of body fat (40.8%) in women (p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). No differences were observed in men.


A low educational level increases the possibility of having overweight or obesity in women and to have an increased waist circumference in both sexes.

Keywords : Aging; Educational Level; Obesity; Adiposity; Old People.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )