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Revista Española de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727


REDONDO BRAVO, Lidia et al. Zika virus epidemic. The Public Health response in Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2018, vol.92, e201810079.  Epub Nov 15, 2018. ISSN 2173-9110.

By mid-2015, an increase in the number of cases of microcephaly among newborns and neurologic disorders was detected in the Northwest of Brazil, which was possibly associated with Zika virus infection. Later on, this phenomenon was also observed in several Latin-American countries. In February 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) on this basis, declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. From that moment on, several measures were adopted to achieve the epidemic control at both international and national levels. The WHO launched a strategic response plan based on case detection, infection control and treatment, as well as, the research and development of new vector control tools, diagnostic tests and vaccines. In Europe both surveillance and vector control systems were reinforced. The countries reporting most cases were France, Spain and the United Kingdom. In Spain, due to the high probability of case importation based on the close relationships with Latin-America, numerous measures were adopted to achieve a rapid response and an optimal control. Those included: the implementation of an active surveillance in collaboration with several experts, institutions and scientific societies; entomologic surveillance enhancement; the development of communication activities and recommendations for both healthcare workers and general population.

Keywords : Zika virus; Zika virus infection; Vector-borne diseases; Aedes albopictus; Traveler health; Pregnancy complications; Microcephaly; Guillain-Barre Syndrome; Spain.

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