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Revista Española de Salud Pública

versão On-line ISSN 2173-9110versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727


SANCHEZ, Antonio et al. Occupational exposure to influenza virus of the wild birds. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2020, vol.94, 202003022.  Epub 02-Nov-2020. ISSN 2173-9110.

Wild waterfowl are considered the main natural reservoir of influenza viruses and they have contributed to the reassortment of both pandemic viruses and viruses responsible for outbreaks of avian influenza in wild and domestic species. In order to determinate the factors involved, we reviewed the human cases of avian influenza related to the management of wild birds, the use of personal protective equipment, as well as the basis of surveillance programs of highly pathogenic avian influenza in wild birds in Spain. The direct transmission of influenza virus from wild birds to humans is a rare event. However, our epidemiological context is influenced by climate change and marked by the presence of migratory routes from territories where infection may be present. Thus, and due to the clinical, economical and public health implications that such infections may have, the different groups exposed to wild birds (veterinarians, biologists, ornithologists, conservationists, field technicians, environmental officers, falconers, hunters, etc.) should know which are the possible sources of infection and how to handle the personal protective equipment. Besides, it is important that those groups know the current sanitary situation regarding avian influenza so they can consequently adapt their activities and employ proper protective measures, in addition to providing valuable information for surveillance programs.

Palavras-chave : Zoonoses; Occupational health; Aviar influenza; Wild birds.

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