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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versão impressa ISSN 1137-6627


MARIN, G.H.  e  GRUPO INTERDISCIPLINARIO PARA LA SALUD (GIS) et al. Interdisciplinary health project: a model based in home care makes the difference. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2006, vol.29, n.1, pp.107-118. ISSN 1137-6627.

Objective. To propose an interdisciplinary approach in Community Health through a model based on Home Health Care.  Design. A prospective study programmed in two periods: a cross sectional study for data collection followed by home assistance for the health problems detected.  Methods. 100 families (570 inhabitants) were randomly submitted to a clinical, nutritional and laboratory examination in order to detect major health problems. Afterwards the same professional team took care of 10 families in health promotion counseling and illness treatment. Results. This study shows that 84% of the patients in whom a health abnormality was detected were not aware of their illness. The population was mainly affected by hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertrigliceridemia, and anemia. None of these problems were listed as the main causes of consultation in a local center belonging to the traditional health services. Almost 70% of the inhabitants consumed a daily diet with less nutrients and calories than recommended. The project included health care for all family members and free drugs provision for all illnesses detected. Ninety-eight percent of patients had a proper and continuous follow up of their illness for a 3 year period, compared with a 31% follow up provided by the traditional health care organization.  Conclusions. This work shows an integrated effort by the University, health centers, and all health care disciplines to propose an alternative program that personalises attention and moves health care from Institutions to people’s own homes. This model improved community health conditions, had a high impact on illness follow up and increased health care accessibility.

Palavras-chave : Health; Community; Accessibility.

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