SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.29 suppl.1Paludismo importado por inmigrantesEnfermedades importadas en inmigrantes: mito y realidad índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627


ALONSO SOCAS, M. M. et al. Diarrhoea in the traveller. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2006, vol.29, suppl.1, pp.127-138. ISSN 1137-6627.

Diarrhoeic diseases caused by water and food contaminated by enteropathogens continue to be an important cause of morbidity in countries with a low level of development. Some 50,000 cases of diarrhoea in travellers are estimated in the world every day, and this is the main cause of consultation by travellers who return from undeveloped zones. The principal determinant of risk is the place of destination; there are significant differences between different regions with respect to risk and to the aetiology of the diarrhoea. The most frequent cause of diarrhoeas is of bacterial origin, which represents between 60 and 85% of the cases, while parasites represent 10% and some 5% are produced by viruses. Although it normally follows a benign course, complications can arise, with mortality being only exceptionally associated to this disease. Prevention is essentially based on strictly following elemental hygienic measures and avoiding the ingestion of foodstuffs and drinks with a risk of contamination. Prophylaxis with antibiotics is only advisable in journeys of short duration, in which the risk and/or seriousness of diarrhoeas, above all in immunosuppressed patients, are higher than the possible collateral effects. The treatment of diarrhoea in the traveller is based on adequate hydration, and the use of microbians is reserved for moderate and serious situations, with quinolones being the drug of choice. Rifaximine is a new drug approved for the treatment of diarrhoeas in the traveller, above all in areas with enteropathogens that are resistant to quinolones.

Palabras clave : Diarrhoea; Traveller; CDC; Rifaximin.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons