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Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra

versión impresa ISSN 1137-6627


GONZALEZ, C.I.; CIRES, M.; JIMENEZ, F.J.  y  RUBIO, T.. Intestinal endometriosis. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. 2008, vol.31, n.2, pp.197-200. ISSN 1137-6627.

Endometriosis is a chronic, benign gynaecological disorder that is frequent in women of a child-bearing age. It is estimated that there is some degree of endometriosis in as many as 15% of pre-menopausal women, associated with a history of infertility, caesarean antecedents, dysmenorrhoea and abnormality in uterine bleeding. It is believed to be due to the rise of menstrual contents through the Fallopian tubes (retrograde menstruation). In the intestinal affectation, the colon is the segment most frequently affected, above all at the rectosigmoidal level. The clinical features are unspecific, with abdominal pain the most frequent and/or pelvic pain of a cholic type that coincides with, or is exacerbated by, menstruation. Differential diagnosis includes intestinal inflammatory disease, diverticulitis, ischemic colitis and neoplastic processes, with the definitive diagnosis being anatomopathological. With respect to treatment, this will depend on the clinical features and the age of the patient, as well as her wishes with regard to pregnancy.

Palabras clave : Intestinal obstruction; Endometriosis; Intestinal endometriosis.

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