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Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica

Print version ISSN 1139-1375


RUIZ VACA, Ana María et al. Personality traits, age, culture and hydric and dietetic restrictions in patients undergoing haemodialysis. Rev Soc Esp Enferm Nefrol [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.2, pp.91-97. ISSN 1139-1375.

Much has still to be investigated and understood about the interaction between the physical and the mental. Patients undergoing haemodialysis because of their illness have to comply with a series of dietetic rules, care of their vascular access, etc. We think that personal traits, age, culture can influence the acceptance of the illness by our renal patients receiving substitute treatment with haemodialysis, and therefore the compliance with dietetic rules, which would be reflected in their pre-HD analysis results (levels of potassium, phosphorous, interdialysis weight gain), although we are also aware that other variables can have an influence, such as the level of renal affectation, sociocultural level, etc. The sample in the study was made up of 35 patients of the dialysis unit in Melilla, of different ages (over 18) and of both sexes. To determine the personality traits of our patients, a validated personality questionnaire was used. The data recorded were: age, sex, culture, personality trait, potassium, phosphorous, interdialysis weight gain. We have not found a significant correlation between personality traits, culture compared to interdialysis weight gain, phosphorous and potassium levels, but we did find a significant negative correlation between the age variable and interdialysis weight gain and phosphorous levels, although not in potassium levels, so that the older the patient, the lower the interdialysis weight gain and the phosphorous levels.

Keywords : Haemodialysis; Personality traits; Phosphorous; Potassium; Interdialysis weight gain.

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