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Pediatría Atención Primaria

versión impresa ISSN 1139-7632


RUIZ JIMENEZ, J.. The minor's situation in health care. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.50, pp.e15-e37. ISSN 1139-7632.

The current situation of the minor in the sanitary field has experienced a change which is parallel to the social evolution. This change spins around the person´s autonomy. There has been a shift from policies of dependence and submission to the parents´ will to promoting the minor´s autonomy. This autonomy is supported in the idea that the minor is progressively getting a development in his/her ability to do and to understand. As a start, promoting people´s autonomy in general and minors´ in particular provides them with a bigger independence and freedom. But this could generate some conflicts. In the first place, because there isn´t a clear criterion to determine the maturity rate of a minor to know if he/she is able to take decisions on a medical situation. The legislation doesn´t establish the criteria to be used (difficult task), neither the professionals who should make the evaluation, and when there is a reference to the maturity rate it is made in a general way. In the second place the minority is a long period in which the minor goes through very different stages. Even though a great progress in the issue has been made, it is mandatory to set and harmonize the legal code to reach to more well-balanced solutions.

Palabras clave : Minor; Mature minor; Legislation.

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