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Pediatría Atención Primaria

versión impresa ISSN 1139-7632

Resumen

PEREZ PAYA, A.; LIZONDO ESCUDER, A.; GARCIA LOPEZ, C.  y  SILGO GAUCHE, E.. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder from the point of view of the primary care pediatrician. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria [online]. 2012, vol.14, n.55, pp.225-229. ISSN 1139-7632.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1139-76322012000400008.

Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavorial disorder in children and adolescents. However there are not studies about this condition from the standpoint of the primary care pediatrician. Material and methods: on July 2011 the patients with the diagnosis of ADHD and between 6 to 12 years of age were selected at the Catarroja Health Center (Valencia). Patient data from the clinical history were recorded and who was the professional that made the diagnosis, treatment and follow up. Results: forty-seven children were diagnosed of ADHD from a total of 2466 (prevalence rate 1.9%). Most of them were referred from the primary care pediatrician to the pediatric neurologist or psychiatrist. The most common treatment was methylphenidate followed by atomoxetine. Complementary tests were performed in 32% of the patients to rule out alternative causes for the symptoms. The coexisting conditions found were similar to other reports. The outcome of the patients, when reported, was satisfactory in most of them (36%). Conclusions: the prevalence found in our area is low, probably due to the study design. Patients are diagnosed and treated frequently by the pediatric neurologist or psychiatrist. Some of the cases are treated by the pediatrician, tendency that we hope to be increased.

Palabras clave : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; Prevalence; Diagnosis; Treatment; Primary Care.

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