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Pediatría Atención Primaria

versión impresa ISSN 1139-7632


DOMINGUEZ AURRECOECHEA, B. et al. Influence of day care attendance on morbidity in children under 12 months of age. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria [online]. 2012, vol.14, n.56, pp.303-312. ISSN 1139-7632.

Introduction: the current structure of Spanish society favors the attendance of children at day care to increasingly early ages. This is a risk factor in itself to the condition of infection of the upper and lower respiratory tract, as well as acute otitis media, gastrointestinal infections and other infections. Objective: to evaluate the influence of day care attendance on the risk of infections in children under 12 months of age. Population and methods: prospective longitudinal study. Children born between 1 January and 30 September 2010, attending primary care pediatrics´ offices, were included. We excluded children who had severe respiratory or cardiac disease or severe immune deficiency. The data were obtained from computerized medical records and interviews with parents in scheduled visits at 6 and 12 months. In the statistical analysis of the data the statistical software R© (R Development Core Team, 2011) was used. Results: children who attend day care have one or more infectious episodes in higher percentages with statistically significant (p-value <0.05) differences for bronchiolitis, bronchitis, conjunctivitis, tonsillopharyngitis, acute gastroenteritis, laryngitis, pneumonia, acute otitis media, common cold, wheezing, sinusitis and for total pathologies. Attendance at nursery could be responsible for between 35% and 50% of the acute otitis, gastroenteritis, bronchiolitis and bronchitis. Conclusion: taking into account these results, it seems advisable to try other different ways for the care of children in early ages.

Palabras clave : Nursery; Risk; Infectious diseases; Prospective study.

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