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Pediatría Atención Primaria

versión impresa ISSN 1139-7632


DOMENECH, A. B. et al. Foreign body aspiration: an underestimated life-threatening problem. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.63, pp.e81-e86. ISSN 1139-7632.

Purpose: to conduct a retrospective and analytical study of cases of foreign body (FB) aspiration over the last 12 years, assessing their impact, evolution and prevention. Methods: we present 175 patients (112 male and 63 female) admitted to our hospital from January 2000 to December 2012 and diagnosed with clinically suspected foreign body aspiration (FB). The results are analyzed using Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: the mean age was 3.3 years (SD: 2.1). Time delay until consultation to the ER was less than 3 days in 70.3% (123 cases). Nuts were the most frequent FB (79.3%). Complications at diagnosis: none (77.7%), pneumonia (21.1%), exitus (1.1%). We found a significant relationship between time delay until consultation and complications at diagnosis (Χ2=42.36; p=0.000), but there was no association between this time interval and the number of bronchoscopies needed for the extraction of the FB (U=3121.5; p=0.686). In contrast, time delay did influence the length of hospital stay (U=2521.5; p=0.025). Conclusion: FB aspiration remains a serious and frequent problem in paediatric patients. The incidence has not declined over recent years, the highest being in 2001 (6.34 per one hundred thousand children under 14 from Castellon and Valencia) and the lowest in 2007 (2.04/100,000).

Palabras clave : Aspiration; Bronchial foreign body; Bronchoscopy.

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