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Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria

versión On-line ISSN 2013-6463versión impresa ISSN 1575-0620


SORDO-DEL CASTILLO, L. et al. Patients who refuse antiretroviral treatment in prison. Rev. esp. sanid. penit. [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.1, pp.03-09. ISSN 2013-6463.

Introduction: Current studies of HIV+ patients in the prison population have been carried out without considering differences that might exist between patients who accept retroviral treatment and those who do not. One possible reason for this may be the difficulty in gaining access to patients who refuse antiretroviral treatment. However, the prison environment makes it possible to locate and study this type of patient, who up till now has not been the subject of study. The aim of this article is to describe the clinical and psychosocial state of HIV+ inmates who refuse ARVT and compare this data with patients receiving treatment and others for whom treatment has not been indicated. Methods: Cross-sectional study using 585 HIV+ inmates in three prisons in Andalusia from May to June 2004. Refusal, acceptance and non-indication of ARVT treatment was the grouping variable used. The independent variables were socio-demographic, psychosocial, clinical and other variables relating to the prison environment. Results: 16.8% of patients refused ARVT, while 56.3% were receiving treatment and another 26.8 were not indicated for any medication. Amongst the patients that refused ARVT there was a greater prevalence of HIV co-infection, higher inprison consumption of opiates and methadone treatment, more cases pending and higher rates of recidivism. Conclusions: these results highlight the existence of a group with unique characteristics that is accessible thanks to the special conditions within the prison environment. It is a group that chooses not to follow therapeutic indications and which represents a risk factor not only for its own health, but also for the community at large.

Palabras clave : HIV; Psychosocial Impact; Antiretroviral Therapy; Prison; Refusal to Treatment; Prison.

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