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Educación Médica

versão impressa ISSN 1575-1813


NEUMAN, Marcos; QUESTA, Ulises  e  KAUFMANN, Rodolfo. Medical residencies contest in Buenos Aires city: Importance of gender and university. Educ. méd. [online]. 2004, vol.7, n.2, pp.90-96. ISSN 1575-1813.

Introduction: The objective was to evaluate the importance of applicants to medical residencies gender and origin university concerning their yield in the Buenos Aires City Government (GCBA) Contest, year 2003. Method: The contest was based on a multiple-choice test and the career average, and there took part 3 927 physicians (57% women and 43% males) less than 5 years of graduation. The applicants were composed of 66%, 32% and 2% physicians from different public and private universities of Buenos Aires City, the rest of the country, and foreign countries, respectively. Results: There was statistically significant difference (P<0,003) between females (10.51 %) and males (7.76 %) who acceded to residencies. Of the applicants graduated from the Buenos Aires city public university (UBA),14.31% acceded to residencies, being situated statistically significant difference (P<0,001) concerning the total private universities of Capital Federal (5.31%) and the public universities of the rest of the country (3.5%). When discriminating each university UBA occupied the first position, without showing statistically significant differences concerning some of another universities: Austral, Salvador, Cuyo, Favaloro or Maimónides. From the total applicants who obtained residencies, 89% come from universities from Buenos Aires city (82% from UBA) and 11% from the rest of the country; on the other hand 64% were women and 36% men. Conclusions: These results suggest a progressive qualified role of women in Medicine as it is described to world-wide level, and verified the preserved outstanding position of the UBA in medical education.

Palavras-chave : Medical students; Residencies; Gender differences; Argentine universities.

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