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Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales

versión On-line ISSN 1578-2549


REINOSO-BARBERO, Luis et al. Non work-related sickness absence in 2013 in a spanish banking sector company. Arch Prev Riesgos Labor [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.3, pp.130-135. ISSN 1578-2549.

Objectives: To describe the incidence and duration of episodes of non work-related temporary sickness absence (SA) between January and December of 2013, by diagnostic groups, in a banking sector company. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 3.193 episodes of SA (≥1 day), excluding work-related injuries and illnesses. The distribution of the duration of SA episodes by medical diagnosis was analyzed by calculating the median duration, 25th and 75th percentiles, mean and standard deviation. Results: The median duration of SA was 9 days for cases where there was a medical diagnosis (n=2.931, 91.8%); the 25th and 75th percentiles were 4 and 32 days, respectively. The most frequent pathologies were respiratory (19.9%), followed by musculoskeletal (19.1%) and pregnancy-related disorders (17.3%). Neoplasms had the longest median duration (49 days), followed by pregnancy-related disorders (39 days) and psychiatric disorders (23 days). Conclusions: Overall sickness absence incidence in our study population was lower, but had a longer duration, as compared to similar studies. The incidence and duration by diagnostic groups were very similar to that reported in the literature, except for pregnancy-related disorders, where both were clearly higher (incidence 4 to 11 times and duration 0.4 times larger) in our company (p<0.001). This analysis is useful from a prevention perspective, and suggests the need to prioritize the study to the control of potential workplace exposures that might be affecting pregnant workers' health.

Palabras clave : Sick leave; diagnosis-related groups; occupational medicine.

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