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Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte

On-line version ISSN 1989-5879Print version ISSN 1578-8423


BOHORQUEZ, M. Rocío; LORENZO, Macarena; BUENO, M. Reyes  and  GARRIDO, Miguel Á.. Influence of Group Identity in Cohesion: Preliminary Study. CPD [online]. 2012, vol.12, n.1, pp.151-154. ISSN 1989-5879.

Group cohesion is one of the most studied dynamic processes in sports teams, its relationship with processes such as motivational climate or collective efficacy has been widely addressed. However, the study of the influence of static group elements have on cohesion has yet to address, so it would be necessary to study the relationship between cohesion and static elements such as group norms, or differentiating reference elements, defining group identity of a team. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of group identity may have on the cohesion of sports teams. Participants were 51 pupils of Science Degree in Physical Activity and Sport as part of the practices of the subject Social Psychology of Sport; they werewere divided randomly into four teams that competed two to two. Two teams developed their group identity freely while the other two were imposed. The results show the significant influence that the imposition or not of a group identity in sports teams have on cohesion in its different dimensions (Z = -2.768, p <0.01 for individual attraction to the task, Z = -3.649, p <0.01 for individual attraction to the social, Z = -2.570, p <0.01 for the attraction to the task group and Z = -1.981, p <0.05 for the attraction to the social group) . Thus, group identity is shown as a manipulated variable to consider in the work of team building.

Keywords : group identity; cohesion.

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