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Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte

On-line version ISSN 1989-5879Print version ISSN 1578-8423


CODINA, Nuria; PESTANA, José Vicente; CASTILLO, Isabel  and  BALAGUER, Isabel. Girls, study and dance; boys, play sports!: a study of the extracurricular activities of adolescents through time budgets. CPD [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.1, pp.233-242. ISSN 1989-5879.

Studies of extracurricular activities in adolescence show that non-school time can be used to improve academic performance and personal development, but it is also possible to use it in risky behaviors or addictions. These distinguishing nuances can be analyzed by a time budget (TB), which records the activities accomplished, also incorporating the diversity of activities within the whole repertoire of the teenager, as well as the distribution and amount of time spent on different days and people who accompany each practice. Drawing on this, our goal was to understand the uses of time once leaving the school, taking into account interpersonal relationships and patterns of recurrence in extracurricular activities. Participants were 103 adolescents (43 girls, 60 boys), aged 11 to 18 years (M = 14.1, SD = 2.0). An ad hoc TB was used during one week, registering the out-of-school-time activities - related to sport, education or art -, specifying who accomplished each activity with any participant. Results show little multiactivity, differences between girls and boys regarding the activities, moments and times of practices; certain patterns of temporal frequency of practice; differences in terms of hours devoted according to activity or gender, and the regular presence of peers. The data collected show the usefulness of the TB to guide intervention strategies to enhance or improve extracurricular activities sessions, thus having a positive impact on school and out-of-school time.

Keywords : Daily activities; Extracurricular activities; Leisure time; Lifestyle; Time perception.

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