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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


GOMEZ GALLEGO, C. et al. Functional compounds in breast milk. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2009, n.16. ISSN 1695-6141.

Newborns have special nutritional requirements due to the incomplete development of their organic systems, which will diminish once the organs acquire full functionality. In the complete development of the infant organism, not only the correct nutrition of the child has a great contribution, but also many other functional compounds naturally present in breast milk such as Hormones, growth factors, neuropeptides, anti-inflammatory agents and immunomodulator agents. A thorough review of the scientific literature regarding the properties and occurrence of such functional compounds in breast milk has been carried out due to their importance in the elaboration of infant food. Therefore, the main objective of this work was to give enough scientific evidence for the use of these compounds as functional ingredients in the production of infant formulas. In general, infant formulas lack in these bioactive compounds, hence their supplementation with bioactive compounds as ingredients might increase the nutritional value of the infant formulas achieving the same positive effects that human milk has on infants.

Keywords : Infant Nutrition; Lactation; Infant Formula; Bioactive Compounds.

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