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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


SIFUENTES CONTRERAS, A.; SOSA GIL, E.; PEREZ MORENO, A.R.  and  PARRA FALCON, F.M.. Cardiovascular risk of nursing staff in the surgical area. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.21. ISSN 1695-6141.

The aim of the present investigation was to determine cardiovascular risk factors, through the Framingham model, in the Infirmary Personnel in the surgical area of the Instituto Autónomo Hospital Universitario de Los Andes Merida-Venezuela. A descriptive, field, and cross section study was made, with a population of 43 nurses. The analysis and interpretation of the results were made by descriptive statistics. Test results and the laboratory analysis proved that since age was a non modifiable factor, most of them were in the young adulthood and mature adulthood periods with low cardiovascular risk. As regards modifiable factors, it was determined that more than half had Total Cholesterol at normal levels. In relation to HDL Cholesterol, according to laboratory tests the results showed a high percentage of low values such as <40 mg/dl, which translates as a possible increase of cardiovascular disease risk. As for smoking, more than half of the Infirmary Personnel declared not to have smoking habits. As for Arterial Pressure levels, it was determined that more than half of the professionals were within the normal parameters. When calculating the cardiovascular risk at 10 years, according to the Framingham Model, most of the nurses were located as "Very Low" and "Low" risk of suffering cardiovascular disease in 10 years. Nevertheless, 18.61% had a "Moderate" "High" and "Very High" risk of suffering cardiovascular diseases in the future, which requires proposing promotion and prevention activities aimed at improving the working and health conditions of the Infirmary Personnel and at diminishing cardiovascular risks that can affect their individual, family and community health.

Keywords : Risk; Cardiovascular risk; Infirmary.

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