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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141


NAVARRO SARABIA, Julia Isabel et al. Valuation of the pattern of sexuality: comprehensive attention of the people's health. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2013, vol.12, n.31, pp.1-13. ISSN 1695-6141.

Background: Sexuality is an important component of life and health. Also of severe conflicts related to physical or psychological events, including the transmission of diseases, negative experiences, sexual patterns, violence and cultural or religious determinants. Nevertheless, the information collected in the nurse's files is frequently limited to the reproductive and/or marital status of the patients. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of information on issues related to sexuality, its determinants and the iof the data obtained can have on people's health. Methods: Observational study conducted in the respiratory medicine department of a provincial referral hospital where initial assessments (IA) were revised 250 medical charts and interviewed 292 consecutively admitted patients by questionnaire focused. In a first step, the information collected and the nature of the data about the information related to sexuality in 250 IA of medical records of patients admitted in the year before the study. In a second step, a questionnaire was developed, based on the evaluation criteria of functional patterns Gordon and focused on assessing the pattern of sexuality and applied to 292 patients hospitalized. The influence of different aspects of this pattern using the Chi-square test. Results: In the first step of the 250 IA reviewed, it was found that in the IA data were recorded breeding in 75% of the IA. In the second phase, 292 subjects were included, 46.9% men and 53.1% women, mean age 57 years, and the response rate to the questionnaire in patients was 100%, with a higher response rate 95% in all questions. Was collected: reviews by the specialist, use of contraceptives methods, STD condition, quality of relationship with partner, perceived sense of your partner, the importance of sex in his life, a history of sexual violence, stable partner relationships outside. In the development labor Diagnoses were identified relevant to the evolution of the overall health of people in 70.2% of cases. Conclusions: The response rate to the questionnaire was high. The differences in the pattern of sexuality influenced most health conditions requiring full of people. The information collected was relevant to the overall health of people in a large number of cases. Problems are identified risk practices and abuse in a large number of people, indicating the need for assessment. Do not ask about this pattern or do only referred to the reproduction, it is biased for the information, often with serious implications for the health of people. Nurses have expertise on sexual health of people and should be the scientific knowledge to determine the suitability of the decision making in this regard.

Palabras clave : Functional Patterns; Pattern of sexuality and reproduction; sexuality and health; sexually transmitted diseases; abuse; risky sexual behaviors.

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