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Enfermería Global

On-line version ISSN 1695-6141


SALINAS ALMAGUER, Claudia Erika; PADILLA RAYGOZA, Nicolás; RUIZ PALOALTO, Mª Laura  and  VERA RAMIREZ, Ana Mª. Self-esteem as an intrapersonal stress factor on alcohol use in female prostitutes. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.33, pp.157-165. ISSN 1695-6141.

Introduction. Alcoholism is a worldwide health issue, and female consumers are increasing. Prostitution could be linked to alcohol abuse. Objective. To evaluate the effect of self-esteem as an intrapersonal stress factor on alcohol use in female prostitutes. Material and methods. An approved study by the Research Committee. Cross-sectional, analytical study of prostitutes from Cosoleacaque, Veracruz, Mexico. For alcohol use the AUDIT questionnaire was used and for self-esteem, the Coopersmith inventory. Statistical analysis. The Odds Ratio between low self-esteem and alcohol use, 95% confidence intervals and Attributable Fraction in Exposed were calculated. An attempt was made to generate a logistic regression model. Results. The trial sample was made up by 50 prostitutes. The Odds Ratio between low self-esteem and alcohol use was 5.08 (95% CI 0.59 a 43.95), and an Attributable Fraction in Exposed of 80.3%. The logistic model was not built because no variable of the study demonstrated an improvement in the model using the probability ratio test. Conclusions. According to Betty Neuman's system model, low self-esteem has a strong effect and impact in the use and abuse of alcohol.

Keywords : Prostitutes; self-esteem; alcohol use/abuse.

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