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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141


LUCES LAGO, Ana María; PORTO ESTEIRO, Marta; MOSQUERA PAN, Lucía  y  TIZON BOUZA, Eva. A different approach to sexuality, contraception and prevention of sexually transmitted infections from school on Costa da Morte. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.39, pp.137-154. ISSN 1695-6141.

Aim: Sexual activity at an early age is associated with risk behaviors that can lead to unwanted pregnancies or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Schools are the ideal for educational activities in relation to sexuality. Our study aims to find out knowledge about sexuality, contraception and STIs to the students of 2nd, 3rd and 4th of Secondary School, generate appropriate knowledge about sexuality and evaluate the results of our intervention attitudes. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study with the participation of 686 students aged between 13 and 16 years old, belonging to schools in Costa da Morte. We offered educational sessions on sexuality, contraception and STIs with theoretical and practical presentations. We developed two types of questionnaires: one of knowledge, pre-post intervention and other about satisfaction. Results: Teenagers know most contraceptive methods, although the information they handle is questionable. There is a deficiency of knowledge related to the important STI; young people do not know their signs/symptoms, prevention, transmission mechanisms, and attitudes to go with the carrier population. Conclusion: Nurses play an important role in promoting a change of attitude in youth's sexual behavior. Encouraging teens and transforming them in the protagonists of his story through innovative and participatory activities, is essential to achieve the acquisition of knowledge about sexuality.

Palabras clave : Sexuality; contraception; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; adolescent; education; nursing; school.

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