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Enfermería Global

versión On-line ISSN 1695-6141


TRUJILLO-HERNANDEZ, Pedro Enrique et al. Association between sociodemographic characteristics, depressive symptoms, stress and anxiety in times of COVID-19. Enferm. glob. [online]. 2021, vol.20, n.64, pp.1-25.  Epub 25-Oct-2021. ISSN 1695-6141.


The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the mental health of the population. Depressive symptoms, stress, and anxiety are negative responses that can occur in risky situations in which uncertainty, the unknown or crisis situations are faced, such as the current health crisis.


To identify the association between sociodemographic factors and depressive symptoms, level of stress and anxiety in times of COVID-19 in inhabitants of the city of Saltillo Coahuila, Mexico.


Cross-sectional predictive correlational study. The population was inhabitants of the city of Saltillo Coahuila, Mexico. The sample consisted of 501 participants, who were collected through an online survey that was made available from October 5 to 24, 2020.


Age (OR = .93; 95% CI: .900 - .979) and being without a partner (OR = 2.64; 95% CI: 1.347 - 5.201) increase the probability of suffering severe depressive symptoms. Younger people were .95 more likely to have elevated stress. Being a woman (OR = 2.37; 95% CI: 1,144 - 4,915) and not having a job (OR = 2.62; 95% CI: 1,308 - 5,254) was associated with a higher probability of suffering from severe anxiety.


Associations were found in sociodemographic factors such as sex, age and economic income with depressive symptoms, level of stress and anxiety in times of COVID-19. These results project preliminary data on some aspects related to mental health in the Mexican context during the current health crisis.

Palabras clave : Coronavirus Infections; Depression; Psychological Stress; Anxiety; Mental Health.

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