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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa)

versión impresa ISSN 1698-4447


LOPEZ ORTEGA, Karem et al. Secondary syphilis in an HIV positive patient. Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Ed.impr.) [online]. 2004, vol.9, n.1, pp.33-38. ISSN 1698-4447.

The incidence of oral manifestations of HIV infection is changing markedly. Oral afflictions previously uncommon in HIV condition are now emerging in this scenario and may be underestimated. Clinical characteristics of some oral diseases could change in the presence of HIV/AIDS infection and health care professionals must be made aware of such changes. Oral lesions of secondary syphilis are rare, however they can occur and the dentist should be able to diagnose them. In some cases the anamnesis and the clinical features of the lesions are not enough to diagnose this disease. Histological features and an acute knowledge on laboratory exams, as well as its applicability and limitations are necessary to diagnose it. The present report describes a case of secondary syphilis in an HIV positive patient. The patient showed red spots in the torso's skin and abdomen. The spots were also present on the hands but the color was darker. The oral mucosa had several ulcers, with variable shapes, sometimes recovered by a white and resistant membrane. They were present in the buccal mucosa, palate, gingiva, tongue and labial mucosa. Those clinical manifestations appeared 6 months earlier. Exams were performed (VDRL, FTA-abs, direct fungal exams in the skin and oral mucosa and a biopsy in the oral mucosa) but the diagnose remained unclear. Clinical and laboratory features disagreed and postponed the final diagnosis and the treatment for more than 6 months.

Palabras clave : Syphilis; HIV; AIDS; secondary syphilis; oral syphilis.

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