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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Ed. impresa)

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PIPA VALLEJO, Adolfo  and  GARCIA-POLA VALLEJO, Mª José. Local anesthetics in dentistry. Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Ed.impr.) [online]. 2004, vol.9, n.5, pp.438-443. ISSN 1698-4447.

The purpose of the present paper is to carry out a review of the literature on local anesthetics (LAs), which are the most commonly used drugs in dentistry. Thanks to their improvement over the last few years, they have constituted an enormous advance in both odontological treatment - improving the dental operation in a determinant manner, and the comfort of the patient during these procedures. Furthermore, the addition of a blood vessel constrictor to these local anesthetics has meant that a lower dose of anesthetic can be used, which at the same time acts for longer, providing better conditions for both the patient and dentist. In addition, a study is made of the possible drug interactions, contraindications etc. of the different components in the anesthetic solution, and likewise the possible allergic hypersensitive reactions which can take place and which must be taken closely into consideration when used in the oral cavity.

Keywords : Oral local anesthetics; lidocaine; vasoconstrictor; topical buccal anesthesia.

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