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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal (Internet)

On-line version ISSN 1698-6946


GALLUD, Lola et al. Multiple sclerosis as first manifestation in oral and facial area: Presentation of four cases. Med. oral patol. oral cir.bucal (Internet) [online]. 2006, vol.11, n.2, pp.141-145. ISSN 1698-6946.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, whose etiology is unknown, and which is characteristic by the appearance of a diverse neurological symptomatology consisting of outbreaks or gradual deterioration and lesions in any location of the brain’s white matter which may provoke the after-effect of a definitive demyelination of the area. The disease affects young people, with its appearance being most frequent between 20 and 40 years of age, in temperate and cold climates, and with a man-woman rate of 0.46 / 0.67. The magnitude of this disease lies in the fact that it is the primary cause for permanent disablement among young adults. We are presenting 4 cases of MS whose initial symptom of the disease was the appearance of paraesthesia in the maxillofacial area, affecting one or more ramifications of the trigeminal nerve, and a progression time varying from 15 days to one year. All the patients were clinically diagnosed, with their diagnostics being confirmed both with magnetic resonance imaging as well as through the study of their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the evoked potentials (EPs). Manifestations in the oral and facial area were the first manifestation of the disease in all cases.

Keywords : Facial paraesthesia; multiple sclerosis.

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