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Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3209versão impressa ISSN 1699-6585


MATESANZ-PEREZ, P.; MATOS-CRUZ, R.  e  BASCONES-MARTINEZ, A.. Gingival diseases: a literature review. Avances en Periodoncia [online]. 2008, vol.20, n.1, pp.11-25. ISSN 2340-3209.

Gingival diseases are a broad family of different and complex pathologies confined to the gingivae and which head from different aetiologies. Interest put on gingival alterations is based not so much on its severity but on its enormous prevalence among the population. Gingival diseases form an amorphous group in which not only problems of exclusively inflammatory nature can be seen, but also alterations of either genetic or traumatic origin or associated with systemic alterations. In 1999, at the International Symposium of the American Academy of Periodontology, it was agreed to include a category which made reference to problems located in the gingivae solely. The present review focuses on a compilation of all the information necessary to understand the meaning of these patterns, which ethiopathogenic mechanisms lay behind them and which strategies can be started up in order to solve them.

Palavras-chave : Gingival diseases; classification; aetiology; pathogenesis; treatment.

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