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Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3209versão impressa ISSN 1699-6585


GUTIERREZ LABAYE, P. et al. Miniscrews: A revision. Avances en Periodoncia [online]. 2014, vol.26, n.1, pp.25-38. ISSN 2340-3209.

The microscrews are a kind of alveolar implant that bring an excellent method of anchorage. Besides, the microscrews are an economic element, easy to place and remove. We carry out the checking of the surgical procedure, and its clinical use; we analize the advantages, disadvantages and draw backs. We finally come to the conclusion that the insertion procedure of the miniscrews is so easy that it allows its use even in clinic situations that show a decrease of the dental support. In the long term, the microimplants bring a predictable and reliable stability and those ones, have reduced the cooperation of the patient; besides solving problems linked to the control of the dental anchorage. Among the main indications, we can find the following dental movements: molar intrusion, incisive retrusion and incisive intrusion among others. In the last years, they have designed miniimplants in order to place them in any surface of the alveolar process even between interdental areas. The miniscrews are quiet cheap, and the techniques of placement and removal are simply. As all the elements are located in the mouth cavity, an exhaustive radiografic study is of far reaching important. We must not forget that those implants are placed between the roots or in areas close to the teeth. Several articles on the periodontal and root damage have been written, reason why we will focus on those damages and we will proceed to detail the planning procedure of this technique and the draw back that can arise, if those procedure is not followed.

Palavras-chave : Microimplants; anchorage; microscrews; biomecanic; orthodontic anchorage.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )


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