SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.2 issue7Compliance to the 2007 ESH/ESC Guideline in a hypertensive population at a Primary Health Care Centre author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia

On-line version ISSN 2386-8201Print version ISSN 1699-695X


VILLENA FERRER, Alejandro et al. Factors associated with smoking in adolescents. Rev Clin Med Fam [online]. 2009, vol.2, n.7, pp.320-325. ISSN 2386-8201.

Objective. To identify factors associated with smoking in secondary school children. Design. Case-control analytical study paired by gender (ratio1:3) Setting. Secondary schools from 16 health areas of Albacete and Ciudad Real. Subjects. Secondary school children divided in two groups based on a self-completed questionnaire. Case group with 146 smokers and control group with 438 non smokers. Main Measurements. Variables related to smoking in the socio-family setting, academic results, alcohol consumption, participation in sports and lifestyle. Results. The percentage of smoking parents and of lower parental educational status were significantly higher (p< 0.001) in the smoking group. The percentages of smoking siblings, smoking friends and smoking teachers were also higher in this group. Alcohol consumption, non-participation in sports, older age, greater availability of money or fewer passed subjects were other factors associated (p< 0.01) with the smoking group. By logistic regression, the independent associated variables were: smoking friends (OR:11,3; 95% CI:4.2-30.9), alcohol consumption (OR:6.9; 95% CI:3.1-15.1),non-participation in sports (OR:11.3; 95% CI:1.4-7.6), older age (14-15 years old) (OR:2,3; 95% CI:1.2-4.6) and lower paternal educational status (OR: 2.0; 95% CI:1.1-3.9). Conclusions. Smoking in secondary school children in correlated with risk factors related to personal, parental and friends' lifestyles, such as smokers in socio-family setting or non-participation in sports. In addition, some socio-demographic variables could be also be risk factors such as lower parental educational status or older age of the children.

Keywords : Smoking; Adolescent; Risk Factors; School Health; Substance-Related Disorders.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License