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Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia

On-line version ISSN 2386-8201Print version ISSN 1699-695X


JIMENEZ MALAGON, María del Carmen; FANG, Luis  and  DIAZ CABALLERO, Antonio. Oral epidemiological profile and the need for dental treatment for HIV/AIDS patients. Rev Clin Med Fam [online]. 2012, vol.5, n.2, pp.97-103. ISSN 2386-8201.

Objective. To describe the oral epidemiological profile and the needs for dental treatment for HIV/AIDS patients in an institution. Design. Cross sectional study. Location. University of Cartagena Faculty of Odontology Participants. Patients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS undergoing antiretroviral treatment. Main Measures. Socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene condition, history of tooth decay, periodontal disease, oral signs associated with HIV/AIDS, need for dental treatment were evaluated. Results. Out of 53 study subjects, 59.9% showed mediocre oral hygiene, 66% supragingival calculus and 15.1%, gingival bleeding. We observed tooth decay in 92.5% of the participants and absence of teeth in 73.6%. The prevalence of oral signs of HIV/AIDS was 45.3%, with emphasis on a 28.3% of an infectious origin. The presence of lesions not associated with HIV was 81.1%, and a significant 28.3% with oral pigmentations associated with antiretroviral medication. 100% of the subjects required dental care, with 4 different types being necessary for 60.4% of them. Promotion and prevention were significant in 98.1% of cases, followed by removal of calculus in 73.6% y the need for prosthesis in 81.2% of individuals. Conclusion. Lack of attention and the need for treatment is evident in these members of the population, who show mediocre oral health, strengthening the case for the comprehensive care this type of patient deserves.

Keywords : AIDS; HIV; Diagnosis oral; Oral Hygiene Index; Comprehensive Dental Care.

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