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Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia

On-line version ISSN 2386-8201Print version ISSN 1699-695X


SEMENOVA MORATTO VASQUEZ, Nadia et al. The family as a predictor of bullying in Antioquia (Colombia). Rev Clin Med Fam [online]. 2015, vol.8, n.2, pp.97-102. ISSN 2386-8201.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of bullying in Antioquia and the relationship of the family role in the development of this phenomenon. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Students enrolled in grades 5th to 9th of educational institutions in the Department of Antioquia in 2013. The final sample was made through a multistage sampling with a total of 3222 students. Main measures: The family functioning was assessed using the familiar APGAR instrument, and the prevalence of school bullying through the questionnaire CIE A (abbreviated) that consists of three assessment categories: victimization, symptoms associated with school bullying as: anxiety, depression, PTSD and self-esteem, and finally, Intimidation, which explores variables on forms of violence by people performing bullying actions to other pairs. Results: 4% of the students with high risk of bullying, 43% of students with medium risk, and 25% of students with low risk have moderate to severe family dysfunction. At the same time, severe family dysfunction is strongly associated with the risk of bullying at school, meaning that children exposed to family dysfunction have fewer strategies to interact without using aggression. Conclusions: The close relationships between family members are closely related to linking strategies that allow addressing conflicts in different contexts, including the school as the most important in the daily lives of adolescents. Therefore, with the strong support of the family, children and adolescents resolve situations of aggression with strategies different than bullying.

Keywords : School Bullying; Family; Family functioning; Socialization.

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