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Sanidad Militar

versão impressa ISSN 1887-8571


MAIMIR JANE, F. et al. Outbreak of new influenza a H1N1 in Spanish base Camp "Arena" (Herat, Afghanistan) during july and august 2009. Part I: Clinical features and reducing the duration of fever with the use of oseltamivir during the outbreak of new influenza A H1N1 in Spanish forces in Afghanistan. Sanid. Mil. [online]. 2011, vol.67, n.1, pp.6-10. ISSN 1887-8571.

Introduction: Since the warning statement of Phase 6 by WHO, the world has presented Influenza A H1N1 outbreaks. We present the results of the study of a new Influenza A H1N1 outbreak in the Military Base Camp Arena, in Heart (Afghanistan). Methods: Prospective case series of patients monitored by the Health Service of the Role 2, assessing the age, symptoms at admission, duration of fever, rapid screening test, complications, intolerance to oseltamivir. The initial group of patients was evaluated RT-PCR. We compared groups with and without treatment with oseltamivir for the duration of fever. Results: Study of 106 patients, mean age 27.17 years, the most common symptoms were dry cough and general disrepair. Patients without oseltamivir showed an average of 3.71 days of fever and with oseltamivir of 2.54 days (p <0.001). There were a total of 13 complications, the most frequent bronchitis. Intolerance to oseltamivir was presented in 11.29% of patients. Conclusions: Oseltamivir reduces the duration of fever significantly, with onset of adverse reactions that require discontinuation of therapy in 11.29% of the treated cases.

Palavras-chave : New Influenza A H1N1; Afghanistan; Armed Forces; Oseltamivir.

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