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Sanidad Militar

versão impressa ISSN 1887-8571


GONZALEZ CANOMANUEL, M.A.. Elvira López Maurín, The First Female Soldier of Spanish Healthcare Aviation: story of a Heroic, Forgotten Act. Sanid. Mil. [online]. 2017, vol.73, n.1, pp.68-74. ISSN 1887-8571.

The night of November, 1 1922 represented the starting point of Healthcare Aviation in Spain. Fort the first time, a full surgical team travelled, by three military aircraft, from the aerodrome of Nador (Melilla) to Dar-Drius in order to attend the numerous wounded resulting from the combats along the Tizzi Azza front line. The historic importance of the flight was coupled by the fact of counting on the voluntary nurse Elvira López Maurín who, due to her gender, did not have to fly in the aircraft at that time. Her brave attitude and her eagerness to help the wounded beyond the limits of duty were considered a heroic action by the media. Some days later, she was both congratulated in several ceremonies (by their Majesties King Alfonso XIII and Queen Victoria Eugenia, the President of the Government, the Ministre of War and the Red Cross Royal Deputy), distinguished and rewarded. Her heroism was directly responsible for the increasing impact in the media of this new way of transportation. The vital trajectory of this nurse coincides with the initial development of professional nursing in Spain, this event being essential for the Spanish History of Medicine, Aviation and Nursing although it has remained obscured and forgotten by healthcare professionals for it has not been recorded in any publication so far.

Palavras-chave : History of Healthcare Aviation; Air Healthcare Transport; History of Nursing; Military Healthcare.

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