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Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte

On-line version ISSN 2172-5063Print version ISSN 1888-7546


SILVA, J.L. Naves da; LOPES E SILVA JUNIOR, F.; FERREIRA, A. Pimentel  and  SIMOES, H.G.. Characterization and influence of indicators of central obesity, fitness cardiorespiratory and level of physical activity on blood pressure of school. Rev Andal Med Deporte [online]. 2017, vol.10, n.1, pp.25-30. ISSN 2172-5063.


To verify the association of indicators of central obesity, cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity on blood pressure in schoolchildren.


An epidemiological study of 610 schoolchildren aged 8‐12 years. Were assessed: body weight, height, waist circumference, conicity index, waist/height ratio, level of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, blood pressure and body mass index.


The school group had systolic and diastolic blood pressure 104 ± 12 and 61 ± 8 mmHg respectively, maximal oxygen consumption 38 ± 13 ml/kg/min and waist/height ratio 44 ± 5 cm. Schoolchildren obese have five times more likely to be hypertension OR = 5.2 (2.4 ‐ 11.6).


Obese children and especially central obesity, have higher odds ratios of being hypertension and at higher risk for boys. The waist/height ratio proved valid to predict hypertension in school.

Keywords : Obesity; Arterial hypertension; Central obesity; Students.

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