SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.6 issue2Behavioral problems and depressive symptomatology as predictors of child-to-parent violenceDifferential profile in partner aggressors: prison vs. mandatory community intervention programs author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context

On-line version ISSN 1989-4007Print version ISSN 1889-1861


STROMWALL, Leif A.; LANDSTROM, Sara  and  ALFREDSSON, Helen. Perpetrator characteristics and blame attributions in a stranger rape situation. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context [online]. 2014, vol.6, n.2, pp.63-67. ISSN 1989-4007.

Both real-life events and research show that rape victims are sometimes blamed for their victimization. The effect of perpetrator characteristics on victim blaming has rarely been studied. In an experiment using a community sample (N = 161), we investigated the effect of the perpetrator's previous conviction and age, as well as participants' gender and belief in a just world (BJW) on blame attributions using a vignette methodology. It was predicted that less victim blame and more perpetrator blame would be attributed when the perpetrator had a previous conviction. Results showed that level of BJW was associated with victim blame (positively) and perpetrator blame (negatively). Men blamed the victim more and women blamed the victim less when the perpetrator had a previous conviction. Women blamed the perpetrator more and men less when the perpetrator had a previous conviction. Hence, gender is an important factor in explaining variation in blame attributions.

Keywords : Rape victims; Victim blame attributions; Perpetrator blame attributions; Perpetrator characteristics; Belief in a just world.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License