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The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context

On-line version ISSN 1989-4007Print version ISSN 1889-1861


GALLEGO, Raquel; NOVO, Mercedes; FARINA, Francisca  and  ARCE, Ramón. Child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence: a meta-analytic review. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context [online]. 2019, vol.11, n.2, pp.51-59.  Epub Oct 26, 2020. ISSN 1989-4007.

In order to examine the literature on the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence, a meta-analytic review was designed with 26 effect sizes assessing the relationship between child-to-parent and parent-to-child violence in 19 primary studies. Correlational effect sizes were computed and corrected for sampling error, and predictor and criterion unreliability. The results showed a significantly positive, medium magnitude (ρ = .36) mean true effect size for the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence. Similar results were found for direct and vicarious victimization. The probability of developing child-to-parent violence for children victimized by parents increased 71% as compared to non-victimized children. The child-to parent violence type (physical or psychological), and the population (judicial or community) were analysed as moderators. The results revealed similar effects in both types of child-to-parent violence and in both populations: a significantly positive, medium in magnitude mean true effect size. The theoretical and practical implications for measuring child-to parent violence are discussed.

Keywords : Child-to-parent violence; Parent-to-child violence; Direct victimization; Vicarious victimization; Meta-analysis.

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